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VIJAYANAGARA EMPIRE | Indian history [short notes for UPSC]

File:Vijayanagara-empire-map.svg - Wikimedia Commons
  • Harihar and Bukka brothers established the Vijayanagara empire in 1336 AD
  • Harihar and bukka started the Sangam dynasty in the name of her father ‘Sangam’.
  • The first ruler of the Sangam dynasty was Harihar-I
  • The first capital of the Vijayanagara empire was Anegundi.
  • Bukka was the successor of harihar.
  • Bukka hold the title of Vedmarga pratisthapak.
  • Italian traveler Nicholas Conti visited the Vijayanagara empire during the reign of Devarai-I
  • Devrai-ii is also known as Immadidevrai.
  • Telgu poet Srinath resided in the court of Devrai-ii.
  • Inscriptions mention the Devrai-II name as Gajbatekar.
  • Mallkarjun is also known as prodh devrai.
  • Virupaksh was the last ruler of this dynasty.
  • The Saluv dynasty was started by Saluv narsingh in 1485 ad.
  • The Tuluv dynasty was started by Vir narsingh in 1505 ad.
  • Krishnadev rai was the younger brother of Vir narsingh.
  • Krishnadev rai holds the title of yawansthapanacharya.
  • Domingo payas (Portuguese traveler) visited the Vijayanagara empire during the reign of Krishna dev rai.
  • Krishnadev rai was a great scholar of Telugu literature.
  • He composed amukt malyad in telgu.
  • Ashta dijgaz was the eighth great poet residing in Krishna dev rai court.
  • Pandurang Mhatmay was composed by Tenaliramkrishna.
  • Jamvanti Kalyanam was written by Krishnadevrai.
  • Krisnadev rai holds the titles- Andhrabhoja, Andhrapitamah, and Abhinavbhoja.
  • Vitthalswami temple was constructed by Krishnadev rai at Nagalpur.
  • The Battle of Rakshashi Tangdi or Talikota was fought on 25th January 1565 Ad.
  • Aravidu dynasty was established by Tirumala in 1570 Ad.
  • In the Vijayanagara empire, the king was known as Rai.
  • Krishnadev rai empire was divided into 6 provinces.
  • In rural administration, 12 officers were collectively known as Aiyangar.
  • Brahmanas had the highest position in society.
  • Information about Kshatriya varna was not found in this empire.
  • Devadasis were appointed in temples for the worship of god.
  • Ganika’s had a prestigious reputation in society.