Q1. What is an fir?

Ans. First information report.

Q2. What is the work of the police?

Ans. The work of a police is to investigate the crime, maintain peace and law and order in their area.

Q3. What is a chargesheet?

Ans. It is a final report which describes a crime that has been committed. Once it is submitted in the court, prosecution proceeds against the accused.

Q4. What is the role of the public procecutor?

Ans. In the court he represents the interests of the state. His role begins once the police has conducted the investigation and filed the chargesheet in the court.

Q5. What is the role of the judge in the criminal justice system?

Ans. The judge decides whether the accused is guilty or innocent. He conducts the trial impartially in the open court. His decision based on evidence and statements of witnesses. He may get jailed or be fined or both. It all depends on what the law prescribes.

Q6. What is a fair trial?

Ans. A fair trial means the accused has access to the service of a lawyer. His case conducted in the open court. A fair trial ensures that article 21 is upheld.

Q7. What is d k basu guidelines?


  • The police officials who carry out the arrest or interogation should wear clear, accurate and visible identification and name tags with their designations.
  • A memo of arrest should be prepared at the time of arrest.
  • The person arrested, detained or being interrogated has a right to inform a relative, friend or well-wisher.
  • When a friend or relative lives outside the district, the time place of arrest and venue of custody must be notified by police within 8 to 12 hours after arrest.