Vedic period– divided into two periods – 1. Rigvedic period- 1500-1000 bc.
2. Post vedic period- 1000-600 bc
Time period– 1500-1000 bc.
Aryans were came from–
central asia (according to bogajkoi inscription)
Punjab and afganistan
Aryans civilization was–
Language – sanskrit.
Important beverage – somrasa
Sacred animal – cow (adhanya)
Most favourate god – indra
Mediator between human’s and god’s – agni
Most sacred river – saraswati
Most important river – indus
Main occupations – herding and agriculture
Copper – also known as ‘lohit ayas’
Iron – also known as ‘syam ayas’
Women’s condition – very good
‘gayatri mantra’ found in – 3rd mandal of rigveda
Varna system found in – purush sukta of rigveda
Rigveda contains – 10 mandals and 1028 sukta
9th mandal of rigveda – also known as som mandal
Fought between ‘sudas’ and non aryans
‘sudas’ defeated non aryans
‘dasragya’ war fought near – porushni (ravi) river
Administrative units was–
Child marrige system
Four vedas are–
Post vedic period-
- Time period-1000-600 bc.
- Mahabharat war fought in 950 bc.
- Three ashram system of post vedic period –
Sanyasa (the fourth asram was added during buddhist period)
About post vedic period–
Most favorate god – prajapati instead of indra
Rajsuya yajna – important during throne accession
Women’s condition – declining. Polygamy was popular Varna system – now based on birth instead of occupation.