Q1. Match the following.


Anantavarnam – Orissa

Jagannatha – Puri

Mahodayapurma – Kerala

Lilatilakam – Kerala

Mangalakavya – Bengal

Miniature – Kangra

Q2. What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language.

Ans. Manipravalam is a language. Lilatilakam is the book written in that language.

Q3. Who were the major patrons of Kathak?

Ans. The Mughals.

Q4. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?

Ans. Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are-

  • Temples were Usually built on a square platform.
  • The interior of the temples was relatively plain but the outer walls were decorated with paintings and ornamental tiles.
  • Temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts.

Q5. Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes?


  • Minstrels used to recite poems and songs of the Rajputs heroic deeds.
  • Minstrels inspired people to follow the examples of Rajputs.
  • ordinary people were also attracted by these stories.

Q6. Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people?


  • The cultural practices of rulers were carefully preserved in palaces for centuries. So we know much more about them.
  • Ordinary men and women also painted on walls, pots, floor and cloth but they did not survive for long.

Q7. Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri?


  • This temple gained importance as a Centre of pilgrimage.
  • Temple’s importance in social and political matters also increased.
  • The conquerors tried to control over the temple because they felt that this would make their rule acceptable to the local people.

Q8. Why were temples built in Bengal?


  • individuals or groups built temples to demonstrate their power.
  • The low social groups got new economic opportunities from European trading companies and they constructed some temples to show their status.
  • The local deities once worshipped in thatched huts gained recognition of the brahmanas now shifted to brick built temples.