Q1.  How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilization?

Ans. The actual piece of cloth has been found in Mohenjo-Daro attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects. This indicates cloth was used in the Harappan civilization.

Q2. Match the following.

       copper                    –                Gujrat

       gold                        –                Afghanistan

       tin                             –               Rajasthan

       precious stones –                Karnataka


      copper                    –                Rajasthan

      gold                        –                Karnataka

      tin                             –               Afghanistan

      precious stones –                Gujrat

Q3. Why were metals, writing, the wheel and the plough important for the Harappan?

Ans.  Metals were used for-

           copper and bronze- making tools, weapons, ornaments and vessels.

           gold and silver- ornaments and vessels.

           writing- writing has always been a very important means of communication.

           the wheel- the wheel was used in carts and pottery.

           the plough- the plough was used to dig the earth for planting seeds.

Q4. Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing the most?

Ans.  Toy cart, a toy plough and teracotta toys.

Q5. Make a list of what the Harappan ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.


Food items eaten by HarappanFood items we eat today
Wheat ✔
Barley ✔
Pulses ✔
Peas ✔
Rice ✔
Sesame ✔
Linseed ✔
Mustard ✔
Fruits ✔

Q6. Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in chapter 3? Give reasons for your answer.

Ans. Some points of difference between the lives of farmers and herders-

          tools– the Harappan used a wooden tool called plough whereas earlier farmers used mortars and pestles for grinding grain.

          irrigation– Harappan used irrigation for better productivity while the earlier one did not.

         storage– the Harappan used well-developed granaries whereas earlier farmers used clay pots and baskets.

         residence– the Harappan farmers lived on the outskirts of cities whereas there were no settled cities in the earlier time.