Q1. Answer the following question briefly.

a) Name the major physical divisions of India.

Ans. i) The Himalayas

ii) The Northern Indian Plains

iii) The Great Indian Desert

iv) The Peninsular Plateau

v) The Coastal Plains

vi) The two groups of Islands.

b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.

Ans. Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian sea?

Ans. Narmada and Tapi.

d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

Ans. The Sundarbans delta.

e) How many states and union territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?

Ans. 28 states and 9 union territories. Punjab and Haryana have a common capital i.e. Chandigarh and Andhra Pradesh and Telangana share Hyderabad.

f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern Plains?

Ans. Due to following reasons-

i) Flat and level land available here.

ii) Alluvial deposits laid down by the rivers such as the Ganga the Indus and the Brahmaputra.

iii) These river plains provide fertile land for cultivation.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

a) The southern most Himalayas are known as-

i) Shiwaliks ✔

ii) Himadri

iii) Himachal

b) Sahyadri is also known as-

i) Aravali

ii) western Ghats ✔

iii) Himadri

c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries-

i) Sri Lanka and Maldives

ii) India and Sri Lanka ✔

iii) India and Maldives

d) The Indian Islands in the Arabian sea are known as-

i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

ii) Lakshadweep Islands ✔

iii) Maldives

e) The oldest mountain range in India is the-

i) Aaravali hills ✔

ii) Western Ghats

iii) Himalayas

Q3. Fill in the blanks.

a) India has an area of about 3.28 million sq. km.

b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as Himadri.

c) The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan.

d) The river Narmada falls into the Arabian sea.

e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is The Tropic of Cancer.