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Q1. Answer the following questions briefly.

A) what are the three components of the map?

Ans.  Distance, direction and symbol.

B) what are the four cardinal directions?

Ans. North, south, east and west.

C) what do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

Ans. The scale of map means the ration between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

D) how are maps more helpful than a globe?

Ans. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole. But when we want to study only a part of the earth maps are useful.

E) distinguish between a map and a plan.

Ans. Map-

  • We can study a part or a whole of the earth with the help of the earth.
  • A map contains lot of information.


  • A plan is a detail of drawing of small areas.
  • In plans, detail are given in the form of symbols.

F) which map provides detailed information?

Ans. A thematic map.

G) how do symbols help in reading map?

Ans. Symbols are an important part of a map. They gave a lot of information in a limited space.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

A) maps showing distribution of forests are-

I) physical map

ii) thematic map 

Iii) political map

B) the blue colour is used for showing-

i) water bodies  


Iii) plains

C) a compass is used-

I) to show symbols

ii) to find the main direction  

Iii) to measure distance

D) a scale is necessary-

i) for a map  

Ii) for a sketch

Iii) for symbols