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MAJOR LANDFORMS OF THE EARTH

Q1. Answer the following question briefly.

  1. What are the major landforms?

Ans. Mountains, plateaus and plains.

  • What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

Ans. A mountain is any natural elevation of the earth surface example himalays.

         a plateau is an elevated flat land and a flat topped table land standing above the surrounding area. Example- deccan plateau.

  • What are the different types of mountain?

Ans. Fold mountain, block mountain and volcanic mountain.

  • How are mountains useful to man?

Ans.

  • They are storehouse of water.
  • They are source of many rivers.
  • They have a rich variety of flora and fauna.
  • They provided idyllic site for tourists.
  • How are plains formed?

Ans. Plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. River water contains eroded material, when river deposit these eroded material along their courses and in their valleys from these deposits plains are formed.

  • Why are the river plains thickly populated?

Ans. The river palains are suitable for human habitaiton. People get flat land for building houses and for cultivation. The soil of river plains are very fertile. Hence people prefer to live here.

  • Why are mountains thinly populated?

Ans.  Life is very difficult in mountain areas because of harsh climate. It is quite difficult to grow crops, build houses or roads in a mountain. Hence people do not prefer to live here.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

  1. The mountains differ from the hills in term of –

I) elevation

Ii) slope

Iii) aspect

  • Glaciers are found in-

I) the mountains

Ii) the plains

Iii) the plateaus

 the deccan plateau is located in-

I) kenya

Ii) australia

Iii) india

  • The river yangtze flows in-

I) south america

Ii) australia

Iii) china

  • An important mountain range of europe is-

I) the andes

Ii) the alps

Iii) the rockies

Q3. Fill in the blanks.

  1. A plain is an unbroken flat or a low level land.
  2. The himalayas and the alps are examples of young fold types of mountains.
  3. Plateau areas are rich in mineral deposits.
  4. The range is a line of mountains.
  5. The plain areas are most producting for farming.