Q1. Talk two workers (for example, construction workers, farm workers, factory workers, workers at any shop) to find out if they are receiving the minimum wages laid down by law?

Ans. Construction workers– they are receiving below the minimum wages laid down by law.

Factory workers– They are also receiving below the minimum wages.

Q2. What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?


  • They can manage cheap labour in India.
  • They can spend the least on housing facilities for workers.
  • They can cut cost by providing lower working conditions such as lower safety measures.

Q3. do you think the victims of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy got justice? Discuss.

Ans. No, 37 years later people are still fighting for safe drinking water, for health care facilities and jobs for the people.

Q4. What do you mean when we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement? Why is enforcement so important?


  • Law enforcement means that the provisions of the law must be implemented.
  • The government is responsible for this.
  • Enforcement of law is important because in case any law is not enforced or weakly enforced, there may occur serious disaster or incident.

Q5. How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer.


  • The government should regularly inspect worksites and punish those who violate the law.
  • The government should control the activities of individuals or private companies.

Q7. write a paragraph on the various roles of the government that you have read about in this unit.


  • The government is responsible for the welfare of its people.
  • The government also provide public facilities to the people.
  • The government also makes the law to protect the interests of the workers.
  • The government implementing and enforces laws.

Q8. What are the sources of environmental pollution in your area? Discuss with respect to a) air b) water and c) soil. What are the steps being taken to reduce the pollution? Can you suggest some other measures?

Ans. The source of environmental pollution in our area-

a) Air- transport vehicles and factories emitting more hazardous gases.

b) water- disposal of factories waste in river, Throwing of garbage in river.

c) Soil- The industrial waste that contains dangerous chemicals affects the soil.


  • Old vehicles should be banned.
  • Factories should be shifted out of the cities.
  • Factories waste should be treated before disposed in rivers.

Q9. How was environment treated earlier? What has been the change in perception? discuss.


  • Earlier environment was treated as free entity.
  • The Bhopal Gas tragedy brought change in perception.
  • The Indian government introduced new laws on the environment.
  • The polluters were to be held accountable for the damage done to environment.
  • Now it is felt that the environment is something that people over generations will share.