Q1. Answer the following questions.

  1. What is meant by the term industry?

Ans. Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or provision of services.

Ii. Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

Ans. Land, labour, capital, power, transport, market,  water and raw material.

Iii.  Which industry is often reffered to as the backbone of the modern industry and why?

Ans. The iron and steel industry is reffered to as the backbone of the modern industry because it is a feeder industry whose products are used as a raw materials for other industries.

Iv. Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in mumbai?

Ans. The presence of a lot of favourable conditions like warm and moist climate, port facility, availability of raw material and skilled and cheap labour were the factors behind this.

V. What are the similarities between information technology industry in banglore and california?

Ans. Both cities have reputed it related scientific and technological centres and both cities have low pollution levels and have a clean environment.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

  1. Silicon valley is located in-
  2. Bengaluru
  3. California
  4. Ahmedabad

Ii. Which one of the following industries is known as sunrise industry?

  1. Iron and steel industry
  2. Cotton textile
  3. Information technology

Iii.  Which one of the following is a natural fibre?

  1. Nylon
  2. Jute
  3. Acrylic

Q3. Distinguish between the followings.

I.  Agro based and mineral based industry


Agro based industryMineral based industry
1. Agro based industries use plant and animal based products as their raw material.1. Mineral based industries use mineral ores as their raw material.
2. Example- crops, sugar2. Example- iron ore
3. Food processing.3. Iron and steel industry.

Ii. Public sector and joint sector industry


Public sector industryJoint sector industry
1. Public sector industries are owned and run by the government.1. Joint sector industries are owned and operated by the state as well as individuals.
2. Example- bhel2. Maruti udyog.

Q4. Give two examples of each of the following.

  1. Raw material – ores, plants.
  2. End products – biscuits, car.
  3. Tertiary activities – trade and banking.
  4. Agro based industries – food prosessing, sugar industry.
  5. Cottage industries – basket weaving, pottery.
  6. Co-operatives  – amul, sudha dairy.