Q1. Match the following.


  • Subadar – Provincial governor
  • Faujdar – a Mughal military commander
  • Ijaradar – a revenue farmer
  • Misl – a band of Sikh warriors
  • Chauth – Tax levied by the Marathas
  • Kunbis – Maratha peasant warriors
  • Umara – a high noble

Q2. Fill in the blanks.

a) Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the Deccan.

b)_ Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal administration.

c) Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in 1724.

d) The founder of the Awadh state was Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa’adat Khan.

Q3. state whether true of false.

a) Nadir Shah invaded Bengal-False

b) Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore-False

c) Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikh’s- True

d) Poona became the capital of the Marathas in the eighteenth century-True.

Q4. What were the offices held by Sa’adat Khan?


  • He held the combined offices of subadari, diwani and faujdari.
  • he was also responsible for managing the political, financial and military affairs of the province of Awadh.

Q5. Why did the Nawab of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the jagirdari system?

Ans. They tried to do away with the jagirdari system in order to reduce the influence of the Mughals in their states.

Q6. How were the Sikh’s organised in the eighteenth century?


  • During the 17th century the Sikh’s got organised into a political community.
  • Guru Gobind Singh established the Khalsa in 1699.
  • In the 18th century the Sikh’s organised themselves into a numbers of bands called jathas and later on misls.

Q7. Why did the Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan?


  • They wanted to expand beyond the Deccan in order to decrease the Mughal influence.
  • By the 1720’s they seized Malwa and Gujrat from Mughals.
  • By the 1730’s Maratha king was recognised as the overlord of the entire Deccan.

Q8. What were the policies adopted by Asaf Jah to strengthen his position?


  • He brought skilled soldiers and administrators from northern India.
  • He appointed mansabdars and granted jagirs.
  • He ruled independently without Mughal interference.

Q9. do you think merchants and bankers today have the kind of influence they had in the 18th century?

Ans. During the 18th century merchants were more influential than the bankers. they provide loans at higher interest rates. But now people prefer govt. banks which provide loans and other financial assistance at cheaper rates. so banks are more influential today than the merchants.