Q1. Match the following.

Muvendar    –    cholas, cheras and pandyas

Lords of dakshinapatha  –  satavahana rulers

Ashvaghosa  –  buddhacharita

Bodhisattvas  –  mahayana buddhism

Xuan zang  –  chinese pilgrim

Q2. Why did kings wanted to control the silk route?

Ans. Kings wanted to control the silk route to be benefited from taxes, tributes and gifts.

Q3. What kind of evidence do historians use to find out about trade and trade routes?

Ans. The historians use pots to find out about trade and trade routes. It shows where the pots were made and how it travelled to the different parts.

Q4. What were the main features of bhakti?


Bhakti is generally understood as a persons devotion to his/her chosen deity.

Anybody whether rich or poor, high or low castes or man and women could follow the path of bhakti.

Bhakti inspired sculpture, poetry and architecture.

Q5. Discuss the reasons why the chinese pilgrims came to india.


Chinese pilgrims were very much intrested in the life of the buddha hence they visited places associated with the life of buddha.

They also visited famous monasteries and collected books and statues of buddha.

Some pilgrims such as xuan zang spent time studying in nalanda (bihar).

Q6. Why do you think ordinary people were attracted to bhakti?

Ans. Ordinary people were attracted to bhakti because prior to this there was strict vedic system. This system had strict feeling of caste and class. It barred some people from worship. But in bhakti there was no such discrimination.