Q1. Describe the ways in which the buddha tried to spread his message to the people.
Ans. He taught people to be kind and respect the life of others. He used the language of the ordinary people, prakrit, to talk to them.
Q2. Write whether true or false.
A). The buddha encouraged animal sacrifices- false.
B). Sarnath is important because it was the place where the buddha taught for the first time- true.
C). The buddha taught that karma has no effect on our lives- false.
D). The buddha attained enlightenment at bodh gaya- true.
E). Upanishadic thinkers believed that the atman and brahman were ultimately one- true.
Q3. What were the questions that upanishadic thinkers wanted to answer?
Ans. Upanishadic thinkers wanted to know about life after death. Some wanted to know why sacrifices should be performed. They felt there had to be something permanent in the universe.
Q4. What were the main teachings of mahavira?
Ans. Mahavira taught a simple doctrine, men and women who wish to know the truth must leave their homes. Mahavira told them to follow ahimsa.
Q5. Why do you think anagha’s mother wanted to know the story of the buddha?
Ans. Buddha was the founder of buddhism and he was the wise one. His stories could be inspirational and motivational to students. So anagha’s mother wanted her to know his story.
Q6. Do you think it would have been easy for slaves to join the sangha? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. Slaves were allowed to join sanghas. Those who followed buddhism did not believe in dividing the society and buddha taught that all humans are equal.