Q1. Fill in the blanks.

A). The rajarajeshvara temple was built in  early 11th century.

B) ajmer is associated with the sufi saint khwaja muinuddin  chisti.

C) hampi was the capital of the vijayanagara empire.

D) the dutch established a settlement at masulipatnam in andhra pradesh.

Q2. State weather true or false.

A) we know the name of the architect who engineered the rajarajeshvara temple from the inscription-true.

B) merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans- false.

C) kabul was the major centre for trade in elephants- false.

D) surat was an important trading port on the bay of bengal- false.

Q3. How was water supplied to the city of thanjavur?

Ans. Water supply for the city of thanjavur came from well and tanks.

Q4. Who lived in the black towns in cities such as madras?

Ans. Merchants artisans such as weavers traders and craftpersons lived in black towns.

Q5. Why do you think towns grew around temples?


  • A large number of priests, workers, artisans, traders etc. Settled near the temple.
  • They catered the various needs of the people as well as of pilgrims who flocked to the temples.
  • By and by towns grew, which came to be known as temple towns.

Q6. How important were craft persons for the building and maintenance of temples?


  • The vishwakarma community and carpenters were essential to the buildings of temples.
  • Weaver communities such as saliyar or kaikkolars made ample donations to temples.
  • The craftpersons of bidar were skilled in their inlay work in copper and silver. They were also important for temples.

Q7. Why did people from distant lands visit surat?


  • Surat was the gateway for trade with west asia.
  • Surat also been called the gateway to mecca because many pilgrims ships set sail from here.
  • There was a big market for cotton textiles.
  • Surat was famous for their gold lace borders i. E. Zari.
  • There were ample rest houses pleasure parks for the visitors and traders.

Q8. In what ways was craft production in cities like calcutta different from that in cities like thanjsvur?

Ans. The craft production in thanjavur was in the form of inlay work in copper and silver. While in calcutta it was in the form of cotton textiles, jute textiles  and silk textiles.