State whether true or false.

  1. ‘rajas’ who let the ‘ashvamedha’ horsh pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice-true
  2. The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king- false
  3. Archaeologists have found places in the settlements of the ‘janapadas’- false
  4. Pots to store grain were made out of painted grey ware- true
  5. Many cities in ‘mahajanpadas’ were fortified- false

Q2. Fill in the chart given below with the terms: hunter-gatherers, farmers, traders craft persons, herders.

Ans. Those who paid taxes-

    The raja of the ‘mahajanapada’Farmers– 1/6 of the produce
Craft persons– in the form of labour
Herders– in the form of animals and animals produce
Trader– taxes on goods brought and sold
Hunter gatherers– forest produce

Q3. Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies of the ‘ganas’?

Ans. Women, dasas and kammakaras.

Q4. Why did rajas of ‘mahajanapadas’ built forts?

Ans. They built forts because they were afraid of attacks from the other kings and needed protection. Some rajas wanted to show that they were rich and powerful by building large, tall and impressive walls.

Q5. In what ways are present day elections different from the ways in which rulers were chosen in ‘janapadas’?

Ans. Rulers in janapadas were chosen by performing big sacrifices such as the the ‘Ashwamedha.

         today government is decided by elections in which each citizen casts his vote.