Q1.what power the lok sabha exercise in the matter of money?
Ans. The lok sabha exercised supreme power in the matter of money. Once the lok sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money related law the rajya sabha cannot reject it. The rajya sabha can only delay it by 14 days or suggest changes in it.
Q2. Give the brief description of the appoinments made by the president of india.
Ans. Chief justice of india and the other judges of the supreme court, judges of the high courts, prime minister of india and other ministers, governer of states, election commissioners and ambassadors to other countries.
Q3. What is the significance of the parliament?
Ans. (i) parliament is the final authority for making laws.
(ii) parliament exercises control over those who run the government.
(iii) parliaments also controls the money matters.
(iv) parliament is the highest forum of disscussion and debate.
Q4. Distinguish between lok sabha and rajya sabha.
Ans. Lok sabha- (i) lok sabha members are directly elected by the voters.
(ii) the tenure of lok sabha members is 5 years.
(iii) the maximum strength of members of lok sabha is 552.
(iv) money bills can only be intrroduced in the lok sabha.
(v) the lok sabha is more powerful than rajya sabha .
Rajya sabha- (i) members of rajya sabha are elected by the members of state legislative assemblies.
(ii) the rajya sabha is the permanent house of parliament.
(iii) the maximum strength of members of the rajya sabha is 250.
(iv) the rajya sabha does not exercise much power over money bills.
(v) the rajya sabha is less powerful than lok sabha.
Q5. Distinguish between the political and permanent executive.
Ans. Political executive- (i) they are elected by the people for a specific period are called political executives.
(ii) they are answerable to the people for all the consequences of their decisions.
(iii) they are more powerful. They take all the final decisions.
Example- pm & cm
Permanent executives- (i) they are salaried civil servants who are appointed on the long term basis.
(ii) they are not answerable to the people.
(iii) they are less powerful. They assist political executives.
Example- ias, ips & ifs
Q6. What are the limitations of the power of the president?
Ans. (i) president exercises all his powers only on the advice of the council of ministers.
(ii) the president can ask the council of ministers to reconsider its advice but if the same advice given again he/she is bound to act according to it.
(iii) a bill passed by the parliament becomes a law only after the president gives assent to it. He/she can delay this for some time and send back the bill to the parliament for reconsideration but if the parliament passes the bill again he/she has to sign it.
Q7. What are athe powers of the prime minister?
Ans.(i) he chairs cabinet meetings.
(ii) he coordinates the work of different department.
(iii) his decisions are final in the case of disagreements arise between department.
(iv) he supervises all the ministers work and their department.
(v) he distribute and redistribute departments to the ministers.
Q8. What are the powers of the president?
Ans (i) the president is the head of the state.
(ii) he exercises only nominal powers.
(iii) all governmental activities take place in the name of the president.
(iv) allmajor laws and policy decisions of the government are issued in his/her name.
(v) all major appointments are made in the name of the president.
(vi) all international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the president.
Q9. Write briefly about the parliament and its two houses.
Ans. Parliament- the parliament is a supreme authority for law making in any country. The parliament exercises control over those who run the government.parliament also control the money matters. Parliament is the highest forum of disscussion and debate on public issues and national policy in the country.
Lok sabha- it is directly elected by the people. And exercise power on the behalf of the people. The maximun strength of the house is 552 which 530 members are elected from the states and 20 members from union territories. 02 members are nominated by the president from anglo indian community. The present menbership of lok sabha is 545.
Rajya sabha- is usually elected indirectly and performs some special functions. The most common work for the house is to represent the intrests of the states. It has a maximum 250 members. 12 members are nominated by the president from the fields of literature, art, science and social service. Rajya sabyha is a permanent body (house) its 1/3 members retire every 02 years. There are at present 245 members in rajya sabha.