THE MUGHAL EMPIRE
Q1. Match the following.
Mansab – marwar
Mongol – governer
Sisodiya rajput – uzbeg
Rathore rajput – mewar
Nur jahan – rank
Subadar – jahangir
Mansab – rank
Mongol – uzbeg
Sisodiya rajput – mewar
Rathore rajput – marwar
Nur jahan – jahangir
Subadar – governer
Q2. Fill in the blanks.
A) the capital of mirza hakim, akbar’s half brother was kabul.
B) the five deccan sultanates were berar, khandesh, ahmadnagar bijapur and golconda.
C) if zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his number of horses maintained.
D) abul fazl akbar’s friend and counselor helped him frame the idea of administration.
Q3. What were the central provinces under the control of the mughals?
Ans. Panipat, lahore, delhi, agra, mathura, amber, ajmer, fatehpur sikri, chittor, ranthambhor and allahabad.
Q4. What were the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?
- Mansabdar received their salaries as revenue assignments. This was called jagir.
- This revenue was collected for them by their servants.
- While the mansabdars themselves served in some other parts of the country.
Q5. What was the role of zamindar in the mughal administration?
- Zamindars were powerful local chieftains appointed by the mughal rulers.
- They collected taxes from the peasants on behalf of the mughal emperor and gave them to the emperor.
- They played the role of intermediaries between peasants and mughal emperor.
Q6. How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of akbar’s ideas on governance?
What were the main features of sulk-i kul?
- Akbar’s interaction with people of different faiths made him realize that religious scholars who emphasized ritual and dogma were often bigots.
- Their teachings created divisions and disharmony in the society.
- Akbar realized that the idea of tolerance was important because it did not discriminate between people of different religions.
- Akbar, with the help of abul fazl formed a vision of governance around the idea of sulh-i –kul.
Q7. Why did the mughals emphasise their timurid and not their mongol descent?
- The mughals were descendants of two great lineages of rulers, from the mother’s side they were descendants of genghis khan, ruler of mongol tribes. From the father’s side they were the successors of timur, the ruler of iran, iraq and modern day turkey.
- The mughals did not like to be called mongol because genghis khan memory was associated with massacre of innumerable people.