Q1. Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an mla is and how is the person elected?

Ans. An mla is person who is elected by the voters of their constituency and he represents  his constituency in state assembly.

Q2. How did some mla’s become ministers? Explain.


  • The party which is elected in majority for the legislative assembly forms the government.
  • The ruling party elects its leader who is called chief minister.
  • The chief minister in consultation with governor constitutes a cabinet which includes members of his party and allotted them with portfolio.
  •  now the mla’s with portfolio turns into ministers.

Q3. Why should decisions taken by the chief minister and other ministers to be debated in the legislative assembly?

Ans. These decisions must be debated in assembly because during debate it is discussed whether a particular decision is in the interest of the people or not, it is urgent or not, how much would it cost etc.

Q4. What was the problem in patalpuram? What discussion/ actions was taken by the following? Fill in the table.


Public meetingCondemned the government and showed protest put their demand to government.
Legislative assemblyDiscussed the issue and decided the course of action.
Press conferenceThe health minister presented the plan of action initiated by the government.
Chief ministerVisited the village of patalpuram announced compensation to the affected families, also clarified the future action to solve the problem.

Q5. What is the difference between the work that mla’s do in the assembly and the work done by the government departments?


  • Every department is headed by a minister who is an mla.
  • The minister approves any work proposed by the department.
  • The department is responsible for the progress and completion of work.
  • The mla or ministers coordinate between the assembly and the departments.