Q1. Answer the following questions.

  1. What is agriculture?

    ans. Agriculture is a primary activity that involves cultivation of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock.

  1. Name the factors influencing agriculture?

  ans. Topography of soil and climate.

  1. What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?

Ans. Shifting cultivation– is the form of agriculture in which a plot of land is cleared by felling the trees and burning them. The ashes are then mixed with soil and crops are grown. After some time the land is abandoned and the farmers move to a different place.

Disadvantages- deforestation and pollution.

  1. What is plantation agriculture?

Ans. Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming where only a single crop is grown like tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana and cotton.

  • Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

Ans. Jute-alluvial soil, high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate.

          cotton- black soil, high temperature, light rainfall and bright sunshine.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.

  1. Horticulture means-
  2. Growing of fruits and vegetables
  3. Primitive farming
  4. Growing of wheat
  1. Golden fibre refers to-
  2. Tea
  3. Cotton
  4. Jute
  1. Leading producers of coffee-
  2. Brazil
  3. India
  4. Russia

Q3. Give reasons.

  1. In india agriculture is a primary activity.

Ans. Agriculture is a primary activity of growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock. It is a primary activity since it directly involves in natural resources.

  1. Different crops are grown in diffeent regions.

Ans. The growing of crops depends on a lot of factors. Climate, rainfall,  humidity etc. Are important factors.

Q4. Distinguish between the following.

I). Primary activities and secondary activities.

Primary activitySecondary activity
Activities which involve direct extraction and production of natural resources are called primary activities.1. Activities which are concerned with the processing of natural resources are calle secondary activities.
Example- agricultureExample- manufacturing

Ii). Subsistence farming and intensive farming.

Subsistence farmingIntensive farming
Subsistence farming uses low levels of technology and household labour. The output is small.In intensive farming a farmer uses simple tools and more labour to cultivate a small plot of land.