Q1-State whether true or false:
a) James Mill divided Indian History into three periods- Hindu, Muslim, and Christian
b) Official documents help us to understand what the people of the country think.
c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration.
Q2- What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian History that James Mill offers?
- James Mill divided his book into three period, namely: Hindu Muslims and British.
- The view of Mill has several problems which is not acceptable due to reasons:
- All the Asian societies were less civilized than the European ones. So the British could civilize India by conquering all the territories of India.
- The Hindus and the Muslims are not capable of ruling India.
- All rulers in ancient India did not share the same faith. So naturally there wouldn’t be religious tolerance.
Q3- Why did the British preserve official documents?
ANS- The British preserved the important official documents because-
- These served as records of what the officials thought.
- According to the British, writing was more important than speaking.
- As the documents in archives and museums could be utilized for reference at a much later period whenever required for studying or debating.
- These can also serve as an information or proof of any decision or action taken earlier on some matter.
Q4- How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports?
- Information found in newspapers is based on the views and thinking of the correspondents, news editors etc.
- In police records we could find some evidences for an incident and unbiased reports.