Q1. Match the following-
Gurjara-Pratiharas – Western Deccan
Rashtrakutas – Bengal
Palas – Gujarat and Rajasthan
Cholas – Tamil Nadu
Gurjara-Pratiharas – Gujarat and Rajasthan
Rashtrakutas – Western Deccan
Palas – Bengal
Cholas – Tamil Nadu
Q 2. Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”?
ANS- The parties involved in the “tripartite struggle” were the Gurjara-Pratiharas, Rashtrakutas and Palas.
Q3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire?
ANS- To become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire, the following qualifications were necessary:
- The members should be owners of land from which land revenue is collected. They should have their own homes.
- They should be between 35 and 70 years of age.
- They should have knowledge of the Vedas.
- They should be well-versed in administrative matters and should be honest.
- They should not be members of any other committee in the last three years.
Q4. What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?
ANS- The two major cities in control of the Chahamanas were Delhi and Ajmer.
Q 5. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
- The Rashtrakutas were initially subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka.
- In the mid-eighth century, Dantidurga, a Rashtrakuta chief, overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed the hiranya-garbha (literally the golden-womb).
- Thereafter, they fought with Gurjara-Pratihara and Pala dynasties and became powerful.
Q6. What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?
ANS- To gain acceptance-
- the new dynasties Gained wealth and power and declared themselves as maha-samanta, etc.
- They got independence from their overlords.
- They performed rituals to declare themselves as Kshatriyas with help from Brahmanas.
- They built large temples to store their wealth and used the temples in wars.
- They fought many wars to become independent.
Q7. What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil region?
ANS- The irrigation works developed in the Tamil region were:
- Water channels from the river Kaveri were used for agriculture.
- Embankments were created in the delta region to prevent flooding.
- Digging of wells and construction of tanks for water storage.
- Canals were built for water distribution.
Q 8. What were the activities associated with Chola temples?
ANS- A Chola temple was not only a place of worship but also the hub of economic, social and cultural life.
- Chola temples were centres of craft production.
- Bronze images were most distinctive.
- Most of the bronze images were of deities, some were of devotees as well.
- Temples were also endowed with land by rulers as well as by others.
- The produce of the land went to maintain all the specialists who worked at the temple.